Who Should Avoid Undergoing Cataract Surgery?
Cataract is ideally for individuals who have developed a cloudy vision. However, individuals opting for the surgery need to be clear certain eye tests to be eligible for cataract treatment.
Once you are diagnosed with cataracts, there isn’t much that you can do but undergo the surgery in order to get clear vision. However, if might be the case that the stage of your cataract is relatively early and does not hamper daily activities, you can avoid surgery by engaging in the best practices to lower the advancement of cloudiness. These include eating nutritious food, especially those rich in vitamin C and vitamin E. A doctor will usually determine the stage of your cataract and will advise you whether you should go for the treatment.
What Are The Alternatives To Cataract Surgery?
People may prefer choosing alternate treatment options to cataract surgery, that do not involve a surgery.
Eye drops - A number of non surgical options are now available, of which the most effective has proven to be the use of N-acetylcarnosine eyedrops. These eye drops significantly improve glare sensitivity and cure cataracts over 2-3 years.
Traditional medicine - Another option for treating cataracts is a combination of Chinese botanicals called “Hachimi-jio-gan”, which help cure the early formation of cataracts.
Lifestyle changes - Other solutions include making dietary changes such as including an increased intake of Vitamin A, vitamin E and the carotenoids lutein and zeaxanthin from food and supplements along with eliminating carbohydrates and sugar from one’s diet.
Eyewear - Use of glasses, contact lenses, strong bifocals, magnification and other visual aids do help in improving vision, albeit only temporarily, after which a surgery becomes necessary.
Does Cataract Surgery Lead To Scarring?
Cataract surgery does not leave any permanent scars. You may have a black eye if your surgeon uses injections of anesthetic to numb the eye. If your surgeon uses topical anesthetics (drops) only, then you will not have a black eye.
Whether the stitches in the eye will dissolve on their own or not will depend on whether your surgeon used dissolvable sutures or non-dissolvable sutures. Sutures may have to be removed at a later date. If they have to be removed, then they are non-dissolvable.
What Are The Temporary Side Effects Of Cataract Surgery?
You can expect several minor complications following cataract removal. Some of these are:
- Pain in the eye
- Swelling around the eye
However, these side effects are temporary and rare in the case of a surgery well performed. In case you experience any of these effects, get in touch with your doctor.
The more usual risks include:
- Sensitivity to light for a while
- Use sunglasses when going out in the sun and avoid direct contact with sunlight
- Blurred vision
- It lasts for a temporary period of time. Let the eyes get accustomed to the artificial lens and do not exert the eyes by reading or playing video games.
How To Choose A Surgeon For Cataract Surgery?
Choosing the right surgeon is the most crucial decision, when it comes to cataract surgery. The eyes are a sensitive organ and your operating surgeon should have considerable expertise and experience for the treatment to be a success. Making sure your surgeon is the right one is not difficult.
The first consideration should be the surgeon’s educational background, and experience followed by the consideration of hospital that he/she is associated with. The hospital should provide healthcare amenities and standards that allow for a smooth treatment.
The procedure of the surgery involves the replacement of the lens inside the eye with an artificial lens that restores clear vision. This is done through the use of a high-frequency ultrasound device or a laser. These break the cloudy lens. This is followed by the insertion of the artificial lens behind the iris and pupil.
There are a number of complications that can arise due to inefficiency on the part of the medical team operating on you. Some of them are:
- Toxic Anterior Segment Syndrome (TASS): A postoperative inflammatory reaction
- Endophthalmitis: Infection in the eye
- Cystoid Macular Edema: Swelling of the cornea
Hence, your choice of doctor for the treatment affects the success of the surgery till a great extent.