Who Should Avoid Undergoing Cornea Transplant?
A corneal transplant treats a number of illnesses, such as:
- Thinning of cornea
- Scarring of cornea
- Corneal ulcer
It is, however, inappropriate for individuals who already have a damaged eye and might get exposed to greater risk through the treatment. In addition, cornea transplant should not be the choice for individuals who have a susceptibility to develop cataracts. One of the complications of the procedure is cataract and the chances for it might increase with the transplant.
What Are The Alternatives To Cornea Transplant?
Epidescemetic Keratoprosthesis - An effective surgical alternative to cure corneal blindness is the epidescemetic keratoprosthesis, where an artificial cornea, made of a biocompatible polymer is designed to replace the anterior cornea. This alternative is generally opted for when a donor tissue for corneal transplant is not available.
Phototherapeutic keratectomy - PTK is one of the latest advances in eye care, used at a treatment for corneal dystrophies, scars, and infections, in which thin layers of diseased corneal tissue are vaporized microscopically and surface irregularities are etched away, with the help of excimer laser. This procedure involves improved precision which minimizes damage to the healthy adjoining tissues.
Does Cornea Transplant Lead To Scarring?
Cornea transplant can result in minor scarring in some cases but it is not affect vision in any way.
What Are The Temporary Side-Effects Of Cornea Transplant?
The side effects of cornea graft need to be known well in advance of the surgery, so that you can handle them. Though the full recovery time of eyesight can last as long as a year, the clear vision, or the effect of cornea transplant also lasts for a long time, if not forever. Temporary and common complications include:
- Redness of eye
- Sensitivity to light
- Flashing lights/floaters in your field of vision
- Slight discomfort
- Pain in the eyes
Any of the above mentioned side effects, if experienced, need to be conveyed to the doctor in order for you to prevent their aggravation at a later stage. The surgery and the organ on which it is performed is delicate. Remember, the eye is at risk of further damage in the absence of adequate care, before, as well as after the surgery.
How To Choose A Surgeon For A Cornea Transplant Procedure?
The procedure involves the removal of the damaged part of the cornea through the use of a trephine. Then the donor cornea is stitched in the place using fine nylon structures.
The surgeon you choose should possess extensive knowledge of the procedure and should know how to best avoid the risks. Looking into the surgeon's educational and training background is a good approach to choosing the right surgeon. The risks associated with corneal transplant, like cataract, infection of eye, glaucoma, scarring of eye, loss of vision, swelling of cornea can be minimised with making the right surgeon choice.