Know All About Face Lift

CONTENTS

How Do I Tighten My Face Skin?

Do you want to overcome the signs of ageing on your skin? Any loose, saggy skin that you might have can be tightened and the wrinkles and creases around the jawline, nose and mouth can be smoothened out. Ageing can also cause skin folds, deep furrows and facial lines. By tightening droopy skin, you can rejuvenate your face. Any other problems due to excess fat, like the formation of jowls, turkey neck and double chin can also be done away with. 

 


A Face Lift can remove skin folds, lines and other signs of ageing.

What Is A Face Lift?

A facelift, technically known as rhytidectomy, is a cosmetic procedure involving removal of facial skin. A facelift is aimed at reducing the signs of ageing such as sagging, fine lines and wrinkles. It gives a youthful appearance to the skin. It involves stretching a person’s excess skin over the face to give it a more tightened look. Owing to its popularity, various types of facelifts are available to suit different skin types and intensity, like deep-plane, composite, thread and mini. This procedure is the best option for a slimmer face, as the effects are long lasting. 

A Face Lift is also called a rhytidectomy and facial lift.

 


Who Are The Ideal Candidates For A Face Lift?

 

Healthy men and women who wish to get rid of wrinkles and sagging skin.

People with good skin elasticity and flexibility.

Candidates must have strong facial bone structure to to provide support to the skin.

They must also have loose skin on their faces and necks that can be treated.

The candidate must be a non-smoker as smoking can increase complications after the procedure.


What Are The Different Types Of Face Lift?

The different kinds of a facelift are Traditional Full Facelift, Mid Facelift, Mini Facelift, Lower Facelift and Thread Facelift. 

The different techniques followed are:

Endoscopic Facelift Technique

In this technique, the surgeon makes three small incisions and inserts the endoscope through one of them. He will then use surgical instruments through the other two to lift the facial muscles and remove excess tissue.

Cutaneous Facelift

This is the oldest technique where the surgeon makes a long incision along the hairline and sutures the skin higher up . This technique addresses wrinkles and sagging skin and minimises the risk of nerve damage.

Superficial Musculoaponeurotic System (SMAS) Facelift

In this procedure, the surgeon tightens the underlying muscle structure, sometimes even extracting skin in order to improve facial contours, thereby giving a more youthful appearance to the patient.

S-Lift

The surgeon creates small S shaped incisions in front of the ears. S-lift prices and recovery time are lesser than other techniques of surgery. It is often used to treat the lower half of the face.

Deep Plane Lift

In this method, the whole facial structure is lifted as one unit instead of being adjusted separately. They are generally used to treat the midface areas. 

Subperiosteal Facelift

The facial tissues just above the bones are adjusted by making incisions in the lower lash line or the inside of the mouth. This technique also addresses the sagging skin in the midface.


 What To Do Before A Face Lift?

  • Choose a surgeon you are comfortable with and discuss with him what areas you want to target and what techniques are recommended.

  • After reaching a solution, take lab tests and other scans as suggested by the surgeon.

  • A healthy diet must be followed in the weeks preceding the surgery as prescribed by a specialist. Vitamin C is known to help with the recovery process.

  • You may have to follow specific medication or not consume certain other. Drugs containing ibuprofen and aspirin must not be taken by the patients as they make the blood thinner and hamper blood clotting.

  • The patient must also quit smoking  and other nicotine products as they interfere with the recovery stages.

  • Consumption of alcohol is strictly not allowed in the week preceding the surgery.

  • Arrange for transportation home or other accommodation after the procedure is done. Ensure a trusted person stays with you for assistance in the days that follow the procedure.


 What Is The Post-operative Care For Face Lift?

  • Facial dressing or elastic gauze wraps must be worn around the treated area to minimise swelling during the after care period.

  • The garment may have tiny holes to serve as vents for excess fluid or blood to escape. The garment will also have to be changed frequently.

  • Ice packs and heat pads should not to be applied on the face as they can result in loss of tissue and scarring. 

  • Shower regularly and keep the incisions clean. You can also wash your hair with gentle shampoo.

  • Adequate rest is necessary in the first two days following the procedure. But you are also advised to walk around or move your legs as this will prevent blood clots. It is also important to keep your head elevated in the lying position.

  • Do not exert yourself or indulge in any activity that may increase your blood pressure. Physical exercises can be continued in 3 weeks after the surgery.

  • Avoid smoking after the procedure as it restricts the blood supply to the healing tissues.

  • It is also imperative to avoid sunburns for a year after the procedure.This may cause swelling and permanent damage. Always use sunscreen when stepping out.


What Is The Post-operative Diet For A Face Lift?

Avoid alcoholic beverages for a week after the surgery as it may increase your blood pressure.

Ensure you drink a lot of fluids to keep yourself hydrated.

Eat nutritious meals that require minimal chewing. This may cause discomfort to the patient.

Ensure you take all the drugs and medication as prescribed by your doctor.

Small portions of food 20 minutes prior to any medication can help prevent nausea.

If you feel nauseous, postpone your meal and medication to when it passes.

Incorporate plenty of protein in your diet.


What Are The Realistic Expectations From A Face Lift?

It is extremely important that a prospective patient undergoing a facelift have realistic expectations regarding the surgery. 

  • A patient must be aware of both its advantages as well as its limitations. 

  • A face lift helps to reduce signs of ageing by eliminating wrinkles and tightening facial skin. However, the surgery only delays the signs of ageing, it does not reverse the natural process of ageing. 

  • A patient who has undergone the surgery will look considerably younger for the next few years, but eventually age will catch up and signs of ageing will appear. 

  • A facelift results last for 3-6 years depending on the technology used, like a thread lift or mini lift or volume restoration.


What Are The Pros And Cons Of Face Lift?

  • Pros

  • Cons

  • Facelift can do wonders to skin and reverse the effects of aging, which causes the facial tissues to weaken and sag which causes wrinkles and loose skin. 

  • By trimming and tucking, the procedure sculpts facial features like jawline, jowls and the neck and defines them.

  • It gives a more youthful appearance to the person’s face, tightens sagging skin and improves facial contours.

  • It serves as a simple solution for people who are very concerned about the process of aging and helps in boosting their confidence. 

  • The effects of facelift can last up to ten years. 

  • It is an affordable procedure that causes minimal pain and discomfort after the procedure.

  • An important benefit is that it requires very little recovering time.

  • Facelifts can cause bleeding, infections and skin necrosis. However, these side-effects are temporary.

  • The most common complication that patients experience after the procedure is hematoma. Hematoma is condition in which blood collects outside the blood vessel. This condition eases in a few days.

  • Nerve injuries are also known to occur during the procedure. Neurological dysfunctions (in the form of loss of sensations) are also caused which are temporary in nature.

  •  In rare cases, hair loss in the area of the incision and baldness is known to follow the surgery. 


Who Should Avoid Undergoing A Face Lift?

While certain factors such as skin elasticity and bone structure are vital factors in determining the candidacy of a patient for facelift, the overall health of a patient is an extremely important consideration. 

  • A facelift is an invasive procedure which requires considerable amount of time for healing and recovery. A patient with preexisting medical conditions such as heart problems, obesity, diabetes and unstable blood pressure, thus must avoid the surgery. 

  • Individuals suffering from skin related diseases, infection or those who have extremely sensitive skin, must consult their doctors before undergoing the procedure. 

  • Overweight people might face problems with change in body weight after the procedure, leading to distorted results.


 What Are The Alternatives To A Face Lift?

Botox Injections

This treatment consists of injection of botulinum toxin into the facial muscles to immobilize them. This relaxes the muscles and reduces fine lines, wrinkles and other signs of ageing.

Laser Skin Tightening

This is a process which promotes skin rejuvenation by exposing it to infrared light. The beams of light increase collagen production, provide moisture and make the skin firmer, thereby reducing wrinkles and toning the face.

Microcurrent Lift

This non-surgical face lift procedure uses electric currents to stimulate collagen production. It diminishes signs of ageing, revitalizes and hydrates the skin. It does not require much time and can produce drastic results.

Thermage Lift

It is a heat treatment which reduces sagging, renews contours and improves the texture of the skin. It heats the collagen rich layers of the skin using radiofrequency and brings about the formation of new collagen over time which makes the skin firmer.


Does Facelift Lead To Scarring?

A facelift procedure definitely involves incisions. But the scars left as very tiny and almost invisible. Surgeons place them in the hairline or in the ear canal which make them indiscernible. Scars are also known to disappear naturally over time or with medication and creams.


 What Are the Temporary Side-effects Of Face Lift? 

A facelift procedure can involve several side effects, about which the patient must be fully informed. 

  • Redness and itchiness of skin around the incision areas are common after the surgery. It will subside within 5-7 days.

  • Scarring and numbness may appear. Do not unnecessarily rub or touch the treated area and apply ice packs to soothe it.

  • Hair loss is a possible risk of a facelift, but it is usually temporary than permanent.

More serious complications such as excessive bleeding, facial nerve damage, infection and extreme pain are possible although rare in occurrence. In order to tackle such situations, a patient must be careful after the surgery. S/he should avoid all kinds of strenuous activity, maintain a safe sleeping position and keep away from alcohol, aspirin, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories. 


 How To Choose A Surgeon For A Face Lift Procedure?

There are several considerations to take into account while choosing a surgeon for a facelift. Firstly, a surgeon must be certified by both the national and state boards as a practising plastic surgeon. Secondly, it is vital for a surgeon to be well experienced and skilled, so as to ensure the best quality of treatment.  

Ensuring a good surgeon is important to prevent damage to nerves and prolonged loss of sensation. While choosing a surgeon, the patient can always rely on recommendations and past records to determine the reputation of the surgeon. The patient should always choose a surgeon with whom s/he is comfortable. 

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