Know All About Hair Implant

CONTENTS

How Do I Fix Hair Loss?

Losing of hair at a young age can be hugely distressing for an individual. Excessive hair loss is a common problem among both men and women. Reasons for the same include medical conditions such as thyroid, anemia, alopecia areata, protein and vitamin deficiency etc. as well as general problems such as poor diet and high stress levels. If you are bothered by this continuous hair loss and the early pattern baldness which follows, read on to find solutions for the same.


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Hair Implants can help cure hair loss when sufficient natural hair is not available for transplant.

What Are Hair Implants?

Hair loss can be covered for in a variety of ways. For profound hair loss, hair transplant is necessary. Hair transplant is the insertion of hair follicles extracted from other parts of the body, into the scalp. When transplantation is carried out with the use of prosthetic hair made up of bio-fibers, it is known as a hair implant.

Hair Implant is also called Artificial Hair Restoration.


Who Are The Ideal Candidates For A Hair Implant Procedure?

Patients suffering from problems of alopecia (baldness).

People who do not have problems relating to a weakened immune system or blood clotting.

This procedure is perfect for people who do not have any donor sites of hair on the body.

People who have suffered hair loss due to chemotherapy, burns or injuries.

Patients with heavy hair fall or hair weakening problems.


What Are The Different Types Of Hair Implant?

Artificial hair implants are preferred if the hair loss is less or in small patches or transplantation is not possible. Artificial hair are anchored to the skin or the existing hair. Various kinds of implant procedures like weaving, fusion, bonding or cabling are used to bind the bio fibers to the existing hair. 

Hair weaving technique is the technique of tying new hair to the existing ones for a fuller look. This does not affect the skin. 
Bonding technique can use both artificial or natural hair. Single stranded hair are bonded to the skin or existing hair using wax or hair glue gum. This could result in minor allergies sometimes.
The biofibre hair implantation is performed either by a manual or an automatic machine implanter. Biofibres are inserted one by one into the healthy scalp till the desired density is obtained.

 


 

What To Do Before A Hair Implant Procedure?

  • Regular head massage is generally recommended to increase the circulation of blood to the scalp.
  • Hair cutting should be avoided for at least three weeks before the surgery as the length could help in concealing the scars afterwards.
  • A person should stop taking any blood thinning medications at least two weeks before the surgery as they may cause excessive bleeding and interfere with the surgery as well as the recovery.
  • Consumption of foods or medicines containing vitamins B and E is avoided before the procedure as these might lead to excessive bleeding during the procedure.
  • Alcoholic beverages are often avoided for a few weeks before the implants are to take place as these constrict blood vessels, and thus increase recovery time for hair implants. 
  • Smoking is strictly prohibited before as well after the surgery as it leads to delay in the stages of healing of surgical wounds and thus bad results. The delay is caused due the reduced blood circulation to scalp.
  • On the day of the procedure, hair should be washed thoroughly. No gels or sprays should be applied.
  • Caffeinated drinks should also be avoided before the procedure because they affect the scalp.

 


 

What Is The Post-Operative Care For A Hair Implant Procedure?

  • Patients are generally prescribed some regular medications during the recovery stages such as antibiotics or pain relievers. Alcohol should not be consumed while taking these medications in the after care stage, as it could lead to coma.
  • The first wash after the procedure is given by the doctors and the patient is instructed to follow the same after care technique for a few weeks. Generally, a shampoo, hair oil, etc. are also prescribed.
  • Activities causing damage to implants are not encouraged. Thus, sports or any strenuous exercises are generally avoided.
  • For a few weeks following the procedure, the patient must sleep in a semi-sitting position in order to avoid excessive sweating or accidental touching at the implant site at night.
  • Regular massage and cleansing of the head is necessary to maintain a healthy scalp and prevent any infection.
  • Swimming in water containing chlorine is highly discouraged for seven days after the procedure. However, swimming in salt water is highly recommended. 

What Is The Diet For Hair Implant?

It is recommended to follow a balanced diet so as to ensure that you get all the nutrients, chiefly proteins in this case. This will increase the recovery rate.

Crash diets to lose weight are highly discouraged as these might lead to deficiency of proteins and the implants might fall out too soon.

Supplements like antioxidants, vitamins B and D, biotin, protein, etc. are also prescribed to strengthen the scalp and for growth of natural hair around the implants.

Avoid spicy foods and alcohol for at least a month after the surgery as it might interfere with the healing process by causing other problems like heartburn, high blood pressure, etc.


What Are The Realistic Expectations From A Hair Implant Procedure?

People who proceed with receiving implants are usually advised to have realistic expectations of the procedure. They will ideally see results about 6 to 12 months after the procedure, which includes the recovery time. 

The degree at which hair restoration is achieved varies from patient to patient. In some instances there will be negligible hair growth even after eight months of the procedure. However, following this patients might see explosive growth. 

It is safe to say that patients should not expect hair growth similar to what they had in their adolescence. It should also be noted that hair loss can still occur after implantation has taken place.


What Are The Pros And Cons Of Hair Implants?

  • Pros

  • Cons

  • The surgery is required just once in a lifetime as it's effect lasts for over 40 years. A hair implant surgery produces long term results. The surgery includes multiples process, but once it is done, it does not require further surgeries. 
  • There is scope for regrowth of natural hair within 3-6 months after the surgery. A benefit of hair implant is that after the procedure, the implanted hair follicles function the same way as that of the natural hair. 
  • The advantage of hair transplantation is that it ensures distribution of the hair evenly as the procedure works to maintain the follicular distribution all over.

  • The common side effects of hair implant surgery are infected hair follicles, scalp swelling, itching, numbness of scalp, etc.  These are common and patients can be given pain medications, antibiotics, and anti inflammatory medicines to keep the swelling down.
  • As with any procedure, the cost rises when number of areas requiring treatment rises. Cases which may involve greater implantation of hair tend to become more costly and time taking. This calling for more than one session. It is advisable for the patient to consult the doctors to have complete knowledge about the number of sessions, type of hair implant, and other related queries.
  • Hair transplant patients can experience scarring, which is known as stretch-back scars. The doctors usually advise their patient for some medications to be taken to avoid the scars and the pain. These easily fade away and are mostly indiscernible or hidden by the hairline.

Who Should Avoid Undergoing Hair Implants?

  1. Since hair implants are placed superficially into the scalp, there are no major reasons to withhold the treatment or situations where the procedure could cause possible harm to the patient.
  2. Patients who are in optimum health, would ideally be considered to receive the procedure. 
  3. Any patient who is on medications that are considered as blood thinners, namely aspirin, might need re evaluation by a physician. Such medications should be stopped a few weeks before the procedure. 
  4. Another characteristic to take into consideration is severe male pattern baldness. In such cases, hair implants will not reduce baldness completely. It will only provide a temporary aesthetic effect, while the balding process will take place at its regular pace. Therefore not providing any long term effects of the transplant. 
  5. This procedure is also considered to be ineffective in patients who receive it for chemotherapeutic hair loss.

 


 

What Are The Alternatives To Hair Implants?

A hair implant aka artificial hair restoration procedure is usually done to overcome mild balding and hair thinning by inserting artificial hair follicles. It it a quick, reversible procedure, to increase hair density.
While hair implants are a common option for patients who not have donor sites on their body, there are several alternatives to this procedure, from which a patient can choose from.

Medications: Medical alternatives include oral medications such as Finasteride, which are taken in pill form. Minoxidil, which is applied on the scalp aims at revitalising the hair roots, thereby inducing hair growth. However, these options may involve severe side effects such an impotence and lesser semen volume. Moreover, they are costly, and do not provide a permanent solution, as once stopped being used, the hair loss continues in the same pace it did before.

Other methods: Besides medical alternatives, there are also cover up and camouflage techniques that a patient can employ. These include wigs and hair extensions. However, these offer only a temporary solution.

 


 

Does Hair Implants Lead To Scarring?

Hair implants using prosthetic prosthetic units do not leave scars. This technique involves creation of tiny holes in the scalp and anchoring the scalp the bio-fibers in them. This does not produce any immediate scars on the scalp. But, due to the reaction mechanism of human skin to any foreign material, the scalp develops tiny scars over time. These scars can however, be raised with dermal fillers and the scalp can be made even with laser treatments.

One positive of this procedure is that no scars are developed at any other parts of the body due to extraction of hair follicles from donor sites. This is because artificial follicles are used. Further, there are no large, hideous scars observed because no incisions are involved.

 


 

What Are The Temporary Side-Effects Of Hair Implants?

  • It is common to note a hair fall after a hair implant procedure. While this can be counter productive, “shedding” as it is often referred to, is a normal process. This primarily occurs as the shaft falls off and new hair begins to form again from the root.
  • Minor discomfort and numbness are also frequent complications after such procedures. This is because the roots have been manipulated to make way for the implants. These usually resolve within a few days. 
  • Itching is also noted frequently after implants. These are rarely troublesome and only last for a few days. Shampooing the hair is also known to reduce the itching.
  • There is a risk of cysts forming in areas of graft placements. They are about two to three millimeters in diameter. These usually resolve on their own within a few weeks.
  • Pain is often managed with over the counter medications.

 


 

How To Choose A Surgeon For A Hair Implants?

For every medical intervention people decide to receive, it is vital to consider many aspects, including the doctor who will be carrying out the procedure. The doctor’s credentials should be verified. It is important to check if your doctor is registered with the local medical council, as this will affirm the credibility of their ability to practise medicine. A patient should also ideally check the accreditation of the institute in which the doctor is practising, as this will ensure that they maintain an international standard of medical practise. Scars and bleeding are very rare at the hands of professional doctors.

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