Know All About Eye Surgery


How Do I Cure Eye Defects?

Poor vision is a common condition that occurs in most individuals as they age, when the lens of their eyeball becomes thicker and more rigid. Medical conditions such as glaucoma, cataract, or diabetes may also sometimes be responsible for retinal damage and consequent vision impairment in both the youth as well as adults. Individuals who put excessive strain on their eyes by constant reading, use of smartphones or computers, too suffer from bad eyesight. Bad eyesight causes migraines thereby making it difficult to function in everyday life.

Eye Surgery can help you fix vision problems, injuries or genetic eye disorders.

What Is Eye Surgery?

Eye surgery or ocular surgery aims to help people with disorders of the fragile sense organ, the eye. Various type of procedures like laser and refractive surgeries, which treats retinal tears, nearsightedness and farsightedness are performed by an ophthalmologist. Eye surgery also includes glaucoma treatment, to treat the optic nerve, cataract treatment, to treat cloudiness of the lens and corneal surgery to treat damaged eyes. 

Who Are The Ideal Candidates For Eye Surgery?

Patients who are suffering from nearsightedness, farsightedness or astigmatism

Patients with cloudy or distorted vision

Patients suffering from glaucoma or cataract

Patients with retinal tears, eye burns or damage to eye

What Are The Different Types Of Eye Surgery?

Eye surgery or ocular surgery is performed on the eyes, eyelids, or eyebrows. It is performed for improving vision, curing cataract or cancer, or removing defects in the eye muscles or retina. Photorefractive Keratectomy, laser eye surgery (LASIK), cataract surgery, glaucoma surgery, eye muscle surgery or oculoplastic surgery are different kinds of eye surgeries.

Photorefractive Keratectomy: This surgery is performed for curing nearsightedness or farsightedness by removing a small amount of cornea directly with laser. 

LASIK: It is a corneal surgery which reshapes the surface of the eye to cure nearsightedness, farsightedness or astigmatism. A flap is created in the cornea with either a blade or laser rays.

Cataract surgery: This surgery is performed to cure the cloudiness of the eye’s crystalline lens. In this procedure, an intraocular lens is surgically planted in the eye.

Glaucoma surgery (Trabeculectomy): This surgery is performed to reduce the intraocular pressure through laser treatment or by making a cut in the eye. Glaucoma treatment price generally varies between $2600-$5200 in USA.

Eye muscle surgery: This surgery involves loosening, tightening or repositioning of eye muscles to correctly align them.

Oculoplastic surgery: This surgery is performed for treating tear duct obstructions or droopy eyelids, removal of tumours or eye bags.



What To Do Before An Eye Surgery?

  • Stop taking certain medications. Your doctor may advise you to temporarily stop taking any medication that could increase your risk of bleeding during the eye surgery and in the recovery stages.

  • Use eyedrops to reduce risk of infections. Antibiotic eyedrops may be prescribed for use one or two days before the surgery.

  • Prepare for your recovery. Normally you can go home on the same day as your surgery, but you won't be able to drive, so arrange for a ride home.

  • Arrange for help around home, as an after care measure, because your doctor may limit activities involving physical exertion for about a week after your surgery.

  • Do not wear makeup, cosmetics, perfume or cologne to the surgical center.

  • Aim to arrive about half an hour before your surgery in case you have any last-minute paperwork to fill out or questions to discuss.



What Is The Post-Operative Care For Eye Surgery?

  • Use an eye shield for protection when you sleep. You should use dark glasses during daytime. Wash the eye shield and glasses with soap and water each day and dry the same before use.

  • You can bathe below neck from the first postoperative day itself but avoid head bath for a period of 3-4 weeks.

  • Avoid cosmetics to the eye such as mascara, eye liners, eye shadow, etc for at least 4 weeks of the recovery time.

  • Activities such as walking, talking, TV viewing can be resumed immediately after surgery. However, jjogging, swimming, contact sports and other activities involving physical exertion have to be avoided until 4-6 weeks during the stages of healing after surgery.

  • Shaving is permitted but avoid splashing water after shaving. Instead, clean with a wet cloth.

  • Avoid driving till your surgeon gives you permission.

What Is The Diet For An Eye Surgery?

Protein: proteins contain amino acids which help in wound healing and tissue generation. The best proteins to consume come from poultry, fish, eggs, low-fat dairy products, lentils, beans and nuts.

Vitamins: Two of the best vitamins you can take after surgery are vitamin A and C because of their wound healing properties. Dark, leafy green vegetables, sweet potatoes, carrots, citrus fruits, sweet bell peppers and tomatoes are very good sources of vitamin A & C.

Carbohydrates: Carbohydrates are an important part of our diet as they are our brain’s main source of energy. The key is to eat the right carbs. Choose carbs that are high in fiber such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains (not white or refined), beans and legumes.

Fats: The good fats, such as avocados, olive oil, nuts and seeds, when consumed in moderation, help improve immune response time which is important when healing. Bad fats, such as those found in fried food must be avoided.

Drink plenty of water to flush out toxins from your body. Proper hydration to be an essential component of the healing process.

What Are The Realistic Expectations From An Eye Surgery?

Eye surgery can be of varying types depending upon the defect that has to be removed. Therefore, the expectations vary depending upon the procedure. 

  • Patients suffering from refractive errors like myopia, hypermetropia, etc. can expect partial to full restoration of vision depending upon their age, health and severity of the  defect.

  •  In surgeries involving the tightening of eye muscles or the reshaping of eyelids, eye syrgery results can vary depending on the age of the patient. 

  • Patients also have to understand that they might still have to wear glasses after the surgery or fit eye drops into their lifestyle for a few months or even longer. 

  • Laser treatment these days provides 100% satisfaction in most of the cases.

What Are The Pros And Cons Of Eye Surgery?

  • Pros

  • Cons

  • It cures many refractive errors like nearsightedness, farsightedness, presbyopia and astigmatism.

  • After LASIK and Photorefractive Keratotomy, many people don’t need glasses to read, or don’t have to wear glasses for distance vision.

  • The various eye surgeries benefit the patient while only causing little to no discomfort during and after the surgery.

  • Cataract surgery results in brighter colours and sharper images. Objects that were hard to see before surgery are back in focus again.

  • Eyelid surgery gives a refreshed and youthful appearance. It improves self confidence, and in cases of severely drooping eyelids, results in an improved vision.

  • Endophthalmitis or intraocular infection: This can occur in some patients. Its symptoms include excessive eye redness, pain, light sensitivity, and worsening vision.

  • Retinal detachment: A retinal detachment occurs when liquid vitreous fluid gets through a fine tear in the retina, allowing it to separate abnormally from the back wall of the eye. A retinal detachment may cause a curtain across part or all of the vision of the eye. After cataract surgery, retinal detachments occur in approximately 1.5% of patients.

  • LASIK, PRK and a few other surgeries can result in dry eyes. This problem will be aggravated in the patients who already have dry eyes.

  • If too much skin is removed during eyelid surgery, it can result in difficulty in closing the eyes.

Who Should Avoid Undergoing An Eye Surgery?

  • People aged between 20 to 40 years are the most suitable candidates for eye surgery. In other age groups, eye surgery is rather riskier due to the continuously changing nature of the eyes. 

  • Pregnant women are also not advised to undergo eye surgery because of the hormonal changes in the body.

  • People suffering from chronic ailments or serious diseases like diabetes or heart problems should not opt for eye surgery as they are expected to have problems in healing after the surgery. 

  • The success of eye surgery depends on how much carefully the screening process for choosing the eligible candidates is done.



What Are The Alternatives To An Eye Surgery?

Various types of eye or ocular surgeries are available as a treatment for eyesight related problems. However, an individual may consider non-surgical solutions for the same. 

The most common of these is the use of spectacles or glasses, which are worn to improve vision. Many people who want to avoid glasses, use contact lenses. However, lenses cannot be worn at all times. They need constant maintenance and may sometimes cause eye infections and other discomforts. 

Many natural therapies are also believed to improve one’s eyesight. Using home remedies such as eye exercises can assist in reducing poor vision. Adopting lifestyle changes such as consumption of leafy greens, omega 3 fatty acids, vitamin C and E and cutting down on bad habits like smoking can help to enhance vision. However, these natural remedies are long drawn and are usually used as supplements to more permanent solutions like surgery. 

Another alternative to eye surgery is using eye drops on a regular basis, which try to treat cataract, glaucoma and other eye related conditions. However, surgery is still considered to be the most sure shot solution to such issues.



Does Eye Surgery Lead To Scarring?

Procedures like LASIK and cataract surgery leave little to no scar.  In case of LASIK, there may be a very slight visible circular scar on the cornea, visible only under high power magnification.  This scar is insignificant and does not impair your vision.

In case of eyelid surgery, if the surgeon uses precise technique, fine sutures, proper incision location, then there won’t be any significant scarring of the skin on the eyelid.



What Are The Temporary Side Effects Of Eye Surgery?

  • Patients undergoing an eye surgery are at risk of poor nighttime vision and problems of glares and halos in low lighted environments. However, these disappear in a few weeks or in a month. 

  • Sometimes, bleeding and infections can be observed in the eyes after the surgery which can be treated with antibiotic creams and eye drops.

  • Dry eyes is a common complication after eye surgery. These result because of the inflammation caused during the surgery. It can however be treated with eye solutions and medications. 

  • Mild irritation is also sometimes observed after the surgery which fades away in some time with proper after care instructions and medication.



How To Choose A Surgeon For An Eye Surgery?

  • Choosing your eye surgeon is really a critical decision as the results of your eye surgery depend heavily on your choice of the surgeon. Therefore, as a patient you should be very careful while choosing your surgeon.

  • You can take the services of online medical tourism facilitators or take help from the patients who have previously underwent treatment by a particular surgeon. Ask the surgeon about his past record in performing such procedures, if he is licensed to do that procedure, etc.

  •  You may also contact the previous patients of the doctor to know more about the doctor and help yourself decide if he/she is best suited to be your doctor or not.

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