What Are The Different Types Of Ear Surgery?
Ear surgery can be of many kinds, depending upon the damaged part of the ear.
If you develop a hole in the eardrum, tympanoplasty is the way to go. An incision is made at the back of the ear, a skin graft is placed under the drum and incision is closed with sutures.
Mastoid Tympanoplasty is performed for ear drum with chronic infection in the mastoid bone.
Ossiculoplasty is the technique for repairing or repositioning the ear bones using plastic prosthesis.
Stapedectomy is another surgical procedure for middle ear, aimed at removing fixated stapes bone and replacing it with a micro prosthesis. This results in improved hearing.
Cochlear implant (CI) is an electronic device implanted in the inner part of the ear to give a sense of sound to a person who is profoundly deaf. The difference between hearing aids and CI is that unlike the former, the latter uses damaged hair cells in the inner ear to send signals to the brain.
Otoplasty is a cosmetic procedure aimed at changing the size of a person's ears. Otoplasty can also be incisionless these days. This involves less recovery time and lesser discomfort during the surgery. However, mostly a combination of both traditional and incisionless techniques is used. There are 3 different kinds of otoplasties.
Ear reduction - This cosmetic ear surgery is performed to reduce the size of the ears, in the case when they are excessively big or protruding. Generally, the condition is known as macrotia. The surgery can either be performed by removing a cartilage from behind the ear or by removing excess skin. In both cases, sutures are involved.
Ear augmentation - This is also known as microtia treatment. In this case, a person has absent or underdeveloped ear pinna. The surgeon uses cartilage from the ribcage or the other ear and moulds it into an extension for the smaller ear.
Ear pinning/pinback - This is one of the most common cosmetic surgeries used to change the ear angle to balance the structure of the face of the patient. It involves incisions behind the ear and folding the skin to bring the ear closer to the head.